Summary for Policymakers
Oct. 3, 2018
Climate Change Reconsidered II: Fossil Fuels, produced by the Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change (NIPCC), assesses the costs and benefits of the use of fossil fuels 1 by reviewing scientific and economic literature on organic chemistry, climate science, public health, economic history, human security, and theoretical studies based on integrated assessment models (IAMs) and cost-benefit analysis (CBA). It is the fifth volume in the Climate Change Reconsidered series and, like the preceding volumes, it focuses on research overlooked or ignored by the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (see Idso and Singer, 2009; Idso et al., 2011, 2013, 2014). In its 2013 volume titled Climate Change Reconsidered II: Physical Science, NIPCC refuted the scientific basis of IPCC’s claim that dangerous human interference with the climate system is occurring. In its 2014 volume titled Climate Change Reconsidered II: Biological Impacts, NIPCC addressed and refuted IPCC’s claim that climate change negatively affects plants, wildlife, and human health.
In this new volume, 117 scientists, economists, and other experts address and refute IPCC’s claim that the impacts of climate change on human well-being and the natural environment justify dramatic reductions in the use of fossil fuels. Specifically, the NIPCC authors critique two recent IPCC reports: Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability, the Working Group II contribution to IPCC’s Fifth Assessment Report (AR5), and Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change, the Working Group III contribution to AR5 (IPCC, 2014a, 2014b).
The organization of this Summary for Policymakers tracks the organization of the full report. Citations to supporting research and documentation are scant for want of space but can be found at the end of the document. Nearly 3,000 references appear in the full report.