On the Exchange of Carbon Dioxide between the Atmosphere and the Sea

By BERT BOLIN, University of Stockholm (Manuscript received March 3, 1960) Abstract The physical and chemical processes responsible for exchange of carbon dioxide between the atmosphere and the sea are analyzed. It is shown that the rate of transfer is considerably decreased due to the finite rate of hydration of CO2 in water. This is the case both for a …

The Temperature at the Ocean-Air Interface

Peter M. Saunders Published in the Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, May 1967 Abstract A simple theory is presented to account for the difference between the temperature at the ocean-air interface and that of the water at a depth of about one meter. Download PDF This browser does not support PDFs. Please download the PDF to view it..

Evidence of solar 11-year cycle from Sea Surface Temperature (SST)

Academia Letters, August 2021 ©2021 by the authors — Open Access — Distributed under CC BY 4.0 Corresponding Author: Daniele Mazza, mazzad50@gmail.com Citation: Mazza, D., Canuto, E. (2021). Evidence of solar 11-year cycle from Sea Surface Temperature (SST). Academia Letters, Article 3023. https://doi.org/10.20935/AL3023. Daniele Mazza, Former faculty, Politecnico di Torino Enrico Canuto, Former faculty, Politecnico di Torino The solar contribution …

Henry’s law, surface tension, and surface adsorption in dilute binary mixtures

Akira Onuki ∗ Department of Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan (Dated: February 7, 2009) Equilibrium properties of dilute binary fluid mixtures are studied in two-phase states on the basis of a Helmholtz free energy including the gradient free energy. The solute partitioning between gas and liquid (Henry’s law) and the surface tension change ∆γ are discussed. A derivation of …

Global Carbon Budget 2021

Abstract. Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere in a changing climate is critical to better understand the global carbon cycle, support the development of climate policies, and project future climate change. Here we describe and synthesize data sets and methodology to quantify the five major components of the …

NO EXPERIMENTAL EVIDENCE FOR THE SIGNIFICANT ANTHROPOGENIC CLIMATE CHANGE

J. KAUPPINEN AND P. MALMI Abstract. In this paper we will prove that GCM-models used in IPCC report AR5 fail to calculate the influences of the low cloud cover changes on the global temperature. That is why those models give a very small natural temperature change leaving a very large change for the contribution of the green house gases in …

The underestimated role of clouds in global warming: an analysis of climate feedback effects in the AGW-hypothesis

By Ad Huijser (corresponding address ah@on.nl) Summary: By applying a simple feedback model for the response of the atmosphere to GHG-forcing at TOA, the GCM’s CMIP3/5 derived climate feedback values are being discussed in view of a.o. the CERES satellite data about trends in globally averaged surface temperatures and diminishing cloud-cover. It is shown that the trends in cloudiness during …

Limits to existing quantitative understanding of past, present and future changes to atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration

A presentation by Richard S. Courtney to the Climate Conference held In New York, on 2 to 4 March 2008 Synopsis This presentation demonstrates that it cannot be known what if any effect altering the anthropogenic emission of carbon dioxide (CO2) will have on the future atmospheric CO2 concentration. It is commonly assumed that the rise in atmospheric CO2 concentration …

Checking for model consistency in optimal fingerprinting: a comment

Abstract Allen and Tett (1999, herein AT99) introduced a Generalized Least Squares (GLS) regression methodology for decomposing patterns of climate change for attribution purposes and proposed the “Residual Consistency Test” (RCT) to check the GLS specification. Their methodology has been widely used and highly influential ever since, in part because subsequent authors have relied upon their claim that their GLS …

How much has the Sun influenced Northern Hemisphere temperature trends? An ongoing debate

Abstract In order to evaluate how much Total Solar Irradiance (TSI) has influenced Northern Hemisphere surface air temperature trends, it is important to have reliable estimates of both quantities. Sixteen different estimates of the changes in TSI since at least the 19th century were compiled from the literature. Half of these estimates are “low variability” and half are “high variability”. …