Global Carbon Budget 2021

Abstract. Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere in a changing climate is critical to better understand the global carbon cycle, support the development of climate policies, and project future climate change. Here we describe and synthesize data sets and methodology to quantify the five major components of the …

NO EXPERIMENTAL EVIDENCE FOR THE SIGNIFICANT ANTHROPOGENIC CLIMATE CHANGE

J. KAUPPINEN AND P. MALMI Abstract. In this paper we will prove that GCM-models used in IPCC report AR5 fail to calculate the influences of the low cloud cover changes on the global temperature. That is why those models give a very small natural temperature change leaving a very large change for the contribution of the green house gases in …

The underestimated role of clouds in global warming: an analysis of climate feedback effects in the AGW-hypothesis

By Ad Huijser (corresponding address ah@on.nl) Summary: By applying a simple feedback model for the response of the atmosphere to GHG-forcing at TOA, the GCM’s CMIP3/5 derived climate feedback values are being discussed in view of a.o. the CERES satellite data about trends in globally averaged surface temperatures and diminishing cloud-cover. It is shown that the trends in cloudiness during …

Limits to existing quantitative understanding of past, present and future changes to atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration

A presentation by Richard S. Courtney to the Climate Conference held In New York, on 2 to 4 March 2008 Synopsis This presentation demonstrates that it cannot be known what if any effect altering the anthropogenic emission of carbon dioxide (CO2) will have on the future atmospheric CO2 concentration. It is commonly assumed that the rise in atmospheric CO2 concentration …

Checking for model consistency in optimal fingerprinting: a comment

Abstract Allen and Tett (1999, herein AT99) introduced a Generalized Least Squares (GLS) regression methodology for decomposing patterns of climate change for attribution purposes and proposed the “Residual Consistency Test” (RCT) to check the GLS specification. Their methodology has been widely used and highly influential ever since, in part because subsequent authors have relied upon their claim that their GLS …

How much has the Sun influenced Northern Hemisphere temperature trends? An ongoing debate

Abstract In order to evaluate how much Total Solar Irradiance (TSI) has influenced Northern Hemisphere surface air temperature trends, it is important to have reliable estimates of both quantities. Sixteen different estimates of the changes in TSI since at least the 19th century were compiled from the literature. Half of these estimates are “low variability” and half are “high variability”. …

William Henry (Henry’s Law) 1803 Paper on Gas Absorption in Water

Experiment III. Experiments on the quantity of gases absorbed by water, at different temperatures, and under different pressures William Henry Published:01 January 1803 https://doi.org/10.1098/rstl.1803.0004 Abstract Though the solubility of an individual gas in water forms, generally, a part of its chemical history, yet this property has been overlooked, in the examination of several species of the class of aëriform substances. …

Comprehensive Analytical Study of the Greenhouse Effect of the Atmosphere

Peter Stallinga University of the Algarve, FCT-DEEI, Faro, Portugal Atmospheric and Climate Sciences, 2020, 10, 40-80 https://www.scirp.org/journal/acs ISSN Online: 2160-0422 ISSN Print: 2160-0414 Abstract Climate change is an important societal issue. Large effort in society is spent on addressing it. For adequate measures, it is important that the phenomenon of climate change is well understood, especially the effect of adding …

The Scientific Method in Contemporary (Climate) Research

P. Stallinga, Igor Khmelinskii Universidade do Algarve, Portugal Reprinted from ENERGY & ENVIRONMENT VOLUME 25 No. 1 2014 ABSTRACT In this work contemporary climate ideas are analyzed in the light of the Scientific Method developed through the ages. The conclusion is that science was not used in this subject. Download PDF This browser does not support PDFs. Please download the …