William Henry (Henry’s Law) 1803 Paper on Gas Absorption in Water

Experiment III. Experiments on the quantity of gases absorbed by water, at different temperatures, and under different pressures William Henry Published:01 January 1803 https://doi.org/10.1098/rstl.1803.0004 Abstract Though the solubility of an individual gas in water forms, generally, a part of its chemical history, yet this property has been overlooked, in the examination of several species of the class of aëriform substances. …

Comprehensive Analytical Study of the Greenhouse Effect of the Atmosphere

Peter Stallinga University of the Algarve, FCT-DEEI, Faro, Portugal Atmospheric and Climate Sciences, 2020, 10, 40-80 https://www.scirp.org/journal/acs ISSN Online: 2160-0422 ISSN Print: 2160-0414 Abstract Climate change is an important societal issue. Large effort in society is spent on addressing it. For adequate measures, it is important that the phenomenon of climate change is well understood, especially the effect of adding …

The Scientific Method in Contemporary (Climate) Research

P. Stallinga, Igor Khmelinskii Universidade do Algarve, Portugal Reprinted from ENERGY & ENVIRONMENT VOLUME 25 No. 1 2014 ABSTRACT In this work contemporary climate ideas are analyzed in the light of the Scientific Method developed through the ages. The conclusion is that science was not used in this subject. Download PDF This browser does not support PDFs. Please download the …

Analysis of Temporal Signals of Climate

Peter Stallinga, Igor Khmelinskii FCT and CEOT, University of the Algarve, Faro, Portugal ABSTRACT The dynamics of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is analyzed and it is shown that the Pinatubo eruption in 1991 had a noticeable effect on these dynamics. The growth rate slowed down. Moreover, analyzing the year-on-year CO 2 growth data, we can see an anthropogenic footprint, …

The phase relation between atmospheric carbon dioxide and global temperature

Article in Global and Planetary Change · January 2013 DOI: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2012.08.008 Ole Humlum, Kjell Stordahl, Jan-Erik Solheim Abstract Using data series on atmospheric carbon dioxide and global temperatures we investigate the phase relation (leads/lags) between these for the period January 1980 to December 2011. Ice cores show atmospheric CO2 variations to lag behind atmospheric temperature changes on a century to …

Signal Analysis of the Climate: Correlation, Delay and Feedback

Peter Stallinga University of the Algarve, Faro, Portugal Abstract One of the ingredients of anthropogenic global warming is the existence of a large correlation between carbon dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere and the temperature. In this work we analyze the original time-series data that led to the new wave of climate research and test the two hypotheses that might explain …

Scrutinizing the carbon cycle and CO 2 residence time in the atmosphere

Hermann Harde Helmut-Schmidt-University Hamburg, Experimental Physics and Materials Science, Holstenhofweg 85, 22043 Hamburg, Germany Received in revised form 11 February 2017 Abstract Climate scientists presume that the carbon cycle has come out of balance due to the increasing anthropogenic emissions from fossil fuel combustion and land use change. This is made responsible for the rapidly increasing atmospheric CO2 concentrations over …

Phase relation between global temperature and atmospheric carbon dioxide

December 2013 P. Stallinga and Igor Khmelinskii Universidade do Algarve, Portugal Abstract The primary ingredient of Anthropogenic Global Warming hypothesis is the assumption that atmospheric carbon dioxide variations are the cause for temperature variations. In this paper we discuss this assumption and analyze it on basis of bi-centenary measurements and using a relaxation model which causes phase shifts and delays. …

Solution chemistry of carbon dioxide in sea water

Chapter 2 Introduction This chapter outlines the chemistry of carbon dioxide in sea water so as to provide a coherent background for the rest of this Handbook. The following sections lay out the thermodynamic framework required for an understanding of the solution chemistry; the thermodynamic data needed to interpret field and laboratory results are presented in Chapter 5 of this …